Advertisement IRISH people are in danger of underestimating their own ability to speak their native language, according to research carried about by a Mary Immaculate College (MIC) researcher. Previous articleMunster’s Gavin Coombes Called Into Ireland CampNext articleCall for innovative ideas to make Limerick city ‘energy positive’ Meghann Scully TAGSGaeilgeIrishKeeping Limerick PostedlimerickLimerick PostMary Immaculate College Indeed, the same study suggests that lack of confidence in the cúpla focal could be linked to an absence of quality feedback in school.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up Shane Barry, an Applied Linguistics doctoral student at MIC has drawn the conclusion based on his interviews with current civil servants who were asked to rate their own Irish language proficiency.In his study, he asked participants to evaluate their own ability to speak Irish in a current conversational setting. The research found that 60% of respondents would generally downplay their own abilities but would answer more favourably to specific questions, such as their ability to order a cup of coffee in a Gaeltacht area.Barry suggests that those who claim to have low Irish self-efficacy have generally experienced a ‘lethal combination’ of experiencing poor performances and a lack of feedback during school.Barry explains that the Official Languages Act of 2003, which requires public bodies within the Irish state to provide services through both Irish and English, served as the inspiration behind the study.“A recent official report where sixteen Government departments were surveyed, of which there are over 21,000 employees, revealed that only 2.62% of staff are recognised as having a competence in the Irish language – or in other words, capable of interacting with the public through Irish when required.“The most important implication emerging from my research is that these misaligned self-efficacy beliefs are a more accurate predictor of performance than actual ability when it comes to the Irish language.“There appears to be a much larger number of civil servants, and generally the wider population, that are completely misrepresenting their Irish knowledge by declaring themselves as non-speakers of Irish. This results in a general withdrawal from using the language with a belief that the Irish language is ‘gone forever’ or ‘forgotten’.“This research is unique in that it is the first study to investigate Irish language self-efficacy beliefs, or perceptions, in current civil servants. What is striking is how those that have studied Irish in school, even to a high standard, are so quick to declare themselves as non-speakers, despite contrary evidence.“The findings in this research suggest that the Irish population possesses a knowledge of Irish language that is often unacknowledged or dismissed due to negative experiences from our school days.“What may be needed, not just for the population in general, but for the civil service in performing its obligations under the Official Languages Act, is a form of refresher training to unlock this knowledge and build people’s self-efficacy beliefs in their Irish language abilities.“By doing this, we may finally change our emotive relationship with the Irish language to a more positive one, where hearing our native language on the street or in shops could become less of a surprise to us.”Shane Barry is a departmental assistant and current PhD student in Applied Linguistics in the Department of English Language and Literature at Mary Immaculate College, Limerick. The full paper, ‘Irish language self-efficacy beliefs and the Official Languages Act 2003’, appears in the 2020 edition of Teanga, and is free to access at https://journal.iraal.ie/index.php/teanga/article/view/213 Billy Lee names strong Limerick side to take on Wicklow in crucial Division 3 clash Twitter Limerick’s National Camogie League double header to be streamed live Print Email Linkedin LimerickNewsIs fearr Gaeilge bhriste ná Béarla clisteBy Meghann Scully – February 3, 2021 451 RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR WhatsApp Donal Ryan names Limerick Ladies Football team for League opener Limerick Ladies National Football League opener to be streamed live Facebook WATCH: “Everyone is fighting so hard to get on” – Pat Ryan on competitive camogie squads Roisin Upton excited by “hockey talent coming through” in Limerick
News Updates’Mere Inaccuracies In Reporting Cannot Justify Initiation Of Prosecution’: Madras HC Quashes Criminal Defamation Proceedings Against ET Journalist & Editor [Read Judgment] Akshita Saxena7 May 2020 1:20 AMShare This – x”There is something called ethical imperative. It envisions that inherent powers go with implicit duties. Courts often nudge and remind the executive that possession of power is coupled with a duty to exercise the same. Judicial power can be no different. When freedom of press which is a fundamental right is at stake, higher judiciary is obliged to exercise not only its inherent power…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login”There is something called ethical imperative. It envisions that inherent powers go with implicit duties. Courts often nudge and remind the executive that possession of power is coupled with a duty to exercise the same. Judicial power can be no different. When freedom of press which is a fundamental right is at stake, higher judiciary is obliged to exercise not only its inherent power but also exert itself a bit. An unused power is a useless tinsel. There is no point in merely saying that press is the foundation of democracy.” The Madras High Court on Wednesday quashed the criminal defamation proceedings instituted against the Journalist Sandhya Ravishankar and her husband, also the Editor and Grievances Redressal Officer of the Economic Times, in connection to an article about illegal beach sand mining of atomic minerals along the southern coastline of Tamil Nadu, published in the 2015 issue of the ET Magazine. While doing so, the bench of Justice GR Swaminathan made significant observations with regards the role of higher judiciary in “safeguarding the freedom of press”. “I am clearly of the view that there is no point in merely singing paeans to freedom of press, if one cannot go to its rescue when the said right is faced with a serious threat,” he said while holding that the very institution of the impugned complaint is an abuse of the process of court. The court remarked that when freedom of press which is a fundamental right is at stake, higher judiciary is “obliged” to exercise its inherent powers. Relying on a Supreme Court ruling in State of Madras v. VG Rao, AIR 1952 SC 196, the bench held that courts play the role of “sentinel on the qui vive” to protect the Constitutional rights of citizens. “The sentinel must ever be alert to danger and charge forth when required. The Court can never desert its duty when it comes to protection of fundamental rights. Those observations will apply to the entire higher judiciary,” Justice Swaminathan remarked. Background The Petitioners, Sandhya Ravishankar and her husband had approached the High Court seeking quashing of the criminal defamation case filed against them by a sand mining corporation and the consequent summons issued by the Judicial Magistrate,. It was pointed out that the articles in question were published after the Madras High Court issued notice on PIL filed over illegal beach sand mining. The complainant corporation had alleged that the Petitioners herein, by way of the impugned article, made false statements and undermined their reputation in the public eye and caused them irreparable harm. They had also alleged that Ravishankar’s husband had earlier applied for employment in a news channel in which the Complainant had substantial stakes, and now, she wrote the article out of hatred and malice and to settle scores with the complainant, for having declined to employ her husband. Findings Article based on a PIL The Court noted that the contents of the impugned article were inspired from a PIL filed before the High Court, alleging illicit mining of beach sand minerals. The same was published only after notices were issued on the PIL, including to the complainant-Respondent. Further it observed that even though the original Petitioner in the case was relieved from the proceedings for lacking in bonafides but, “the PIL did not get terminated or closed”. Rather, the court took cognizance of the allegation that illicit sand mining was still going on. In face of this factual matrix, the High Court remarked, “The fact that the Hon’ble Division Bench is actively seized of the matter is more than sufficient to indicate the importance of the issue raised by the third petitioner…” Case falls within Exception 3 The court upheld the Petitioners’ argument that their case fell within the third exception to Section 499 of IPC, on criminal defamation. As per the third exception, criminal defamation proceedings would not be attracted if a publication is carried out in good faith and on a public question. Accordingly the court held, “The article penned by the third petitioner raised an issue in which the people at large definitely have an interest. The article has been published only in the wake of the notice issued by the Hon’ble First Bench of the Madras High Court. When the Hon’ble First Bench thought it fit to issue notice based on the allegations made by a litigant and when it raised a public question, the media is certainly entitled to carry a story on it. This is something that would on the very face of it fall within Exception No.3 to Section 499 IPC.” Mere inaccuracies in reporting cannot justify initiation of prosecution In light of an American ruling in New York Times vs. Sullivan 376 U.S 254, the bench held that “minor errors” in reporting do not call for initiation of criminal proceedings against the media. In the said case, the US Supreme Court had held that “Erroneous statements” were “inevitable in free debate” and therefore, the very existence of free debate required the protection of such statements, the bench quoted from Book titled “Offend, Shock or Disturb”, authored by Gautam Bhatia. The above decision of was later cited with approval by the Supreme Court in R. Rajagopal v. State of Tamil Nadu (1994) 6 SCC 632, whereby it was held that “Where the publication is based upon the facts and statements which are not true, unless the official establishes that the publication was made (by the defendant) with reckless disregard for truth. In such a case, it would be enough for the defendant (member of the press or media) to prove he acted after a reasonable verification of the facts; it is not necessary for him to prove that what he has written is true…” The “Sullivan principle” was further amplified by a division bench of the Madras High Court in Rajagopal v. J. Jayalalitha, AIR 2006 Mad 312. Highlighting the same, Justice Swaminathan clarified, “There can always be a margin of error. The permissible width of the margin will depend on the facts and circumstances of each case. The media can avail this defence whether the complainant is a public official or a private entity. Mere inaccuracies in reporting cannot justify initiation of prosecution.” In this backdrop, having found no material to substantiate the allegations and for the reason that a PIL on the subject matter was pending before a division bench of the High Court, the court conclude that it was best suited to quash the criminal complaint. In doing so the he also highlighted the crucial role played by the judiciary in upholding the independence of the fourth pillar of democracy. “If a summary examination of the materials produced by the accused can bring their case within one of the Exceptions, I can give relief to the petitioners here itself instead of making them undergo the ordeal of trial. Such an activist role will have to be played by the higher judiciary because it is a matter of record that criminal defamation proceedings have become a tool of intimidation and before corporate bodies and powerful politicians whose pockets are tunnel deep and whose hands are long even media houses having good resources have capitulated,” he held. Wife-an independent personality Maneuvering its “activist role”, the bench went on to recognize the capacity of a wife “to act independently and make her own free choice”. Condemning the allegations that Ravishankar had penned the article at the behest of her husband, the court observed that the same “undermines the agency” of a woman. “If I accept the contention of the complainant’s counsel, that would undermine the agency of the woman concerned. This concept of agency has considerable philosophical import and was evolved by the feminists during the last century. The complainant wants me to assume that the third petitioner lacks personal autonomy. The third petitioner definitely has the capacity to act independently and make her own free choice. I cannot assume that the third petitioner was a pawn or tool at the hands of her husband. Her innate dignity can be upheld only by deleting the fourth petitioner from the array of accused,” he held. The observation was made in the backdrop of a finding that the complainant had not placed any material before the Court to show that the husband was a complicit in the writing of the impugned article. Procedural Irregularities The court also pointed out various procedural irregularities inherent in the criminal proceedings pending before the Trial Court. It noted that the Petitioner-husband had not been named and was addressed on the basis of the title held by him at his company. Discouraging such practice, the court highlighted that where the accused is an individual, he/ she will have to be named in person with appropriate description. If the accused is not named in person and is merely referred to by designation, the court ought to return the complaint as defective. In this case however, the bench noted, “the trial magistrate appears to have mechanically taken cognizance of the offences even without noting that the A1 and A2 have not been named in person at all. That apart, there is absolutely no allegation whatsoever against the first petitioner. Merely because he has not redressed the grievance projected by the complainant, he cannot be accused of having committed the offence of defamation. Therefore, I have no hesitation to come to the conclusion that the impugned proceedings deserve to be quashed as regards the petitioners 1 and 2.” Further on the aspect of territorial jurisdiction the bench held, “A mere look at the cause title would have revealed that the accused are not residing within the jurisdictional limits of Judicial Magistrate No. I, Tirunelveli. But without holding any enquiry, summons were issued. The learned trial magistrate has not taken note of the mandate set out in Section 202 of Cr.PC. Thus, there has been no application of mind while taking cognizance of the offences.” in a concluding remark the court said, “The petitioners 2 and 3 cannot be said to have defamed the complainant by publishing the article in question. The very institution of the impugned complaint is an abuse of the process of court. Quashing the same alone would secure the ends of justice. I have already held that there is absolutely no material whatsoever against the petitioners 1 and 4. The impugned proceedings are accordingly quashed and this criminal original petition stands allowed. Connected miscellaneous petitions are closed.” Case Details: Case Title: Grievances Redressal Officer, M/s.Economic Times Internet Ltd. & Ors. v. M/s.V.V.Minerals Pvt.Ltd. & Anr. Case No.: Crl OP (MD) No. 9067/2016 Quorum: Justice GR Swaminathan Appearance: Advocate Anand Chandrasekar for Advocate P. Muthuvijaya Pandian (for Petitioners); Advocate V. Lakshminarayanan for M/s Kingsly Solomon (for Respondents) Click Here To Download Judgment Read Judgment Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
Northumberland-based artisan bakery The Running Fox has won a Country Homes and Interiors My Country Business Award.The Morpeth bakery won the Hospitality and Leisure category, and will receive coverage in Country Homes and Interiors magazine and business mentoring sessions from Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall’s River Cottage team as part of its prize.Kris Blackburn, owner of the Running Fox, expressed her delight at the win and said her goal was to open premises in every village in her local area.She said: “My dream is a quality bakery and cakery in every village – let’s see if Hugh can help us make our dreams come true.“It’s the sort of national exposure and business expertise that money just can’t buy for a small rural business like ours, and I’m really looking forward to seeing what business experts think about the way we can develop.”Earlier this year, The Running Fox took the Coolest Café of the Year title, as part of the WOW24/7 Awards 2016, and also recently expanded into a second premises. It sells handmade cakes, pies and artisan breads, all baked on-site.
The management of Eurowings introduced a regular winter route connecting Kvarner with Cologne in early July, and through it Kvarner is connected with numerous destinations around the world throughout the year.The introduction of this year-round route represents a significant positive step for the entire county, its economy, residents and especially all entities related to tourism, as it is the first time in history that Rijeka is directly connected to a major European capital during the winter, said the director of the airport. Rijeka Tomislav Palalić.Linija se odvija dva puta tjedno: nedjeljom i srijedom do kraja ožujka, a zatim se nastavlja u travnju svake subote. No kako ističu iz Zračne luke Rijeka, glavni problem je slaba popunjenost aviona, koja je ispod 30 posto, što znači da je na ukupno 144 mjesta u avionu u prosijeku ih je prodano manje od 40. Slaba popunjenosti linije nije pokrivena komercijalna isplativost linije, što će ukoliko tako i ostane, sigurno negativno se odraziti na buduće smanjenje ili otkazivanje navedene linije.Rijeka Airport invites business entities as well as the general public to help them in the promotion and filling of the mentioned line through their channels, as well as when exhibiting at fairs. However, in order for the line to be well enough filled and commercially viable, the motive of coming to Rijeka, ie the entire Kvarner, is needed. So, we have an excellent airline, ie transport connections, which is the first prerequisite for the development of tourism, especially in the pre- and post-season, and now it is up to us to create good enough motives for arrival, and the motive for coming out of season is not sun and sea, but quality, diverse and authentic content.It is all up to us and surely how we can encourage positive changes through synergy. Ultimately, we can all share information, both private and business, on our channels to further promote it. Surely we are in a much better position than before, because the line is active, we have the confidence of the airline, and now it is up to us to keep it. As Mr. Palalić points out, the line is of great importance for the entire Kvarner because it is connected with the whole world throughout the year.The summer flight season beginsSoon, more precisely on March 26.03.2018, XNUMX. The summer flight season begins at Rijeka Airport, and flight schedules have been announced. This is how flights to other European destinations start, Berlin on Saturdays, Hannover on Thursdays, Frankfurt on Tuesdays and Saturdays, and Stockholm on Mondays and Fridays.This year, new airlines were introduced, such as to Hanover via Eurowings, Eindhoven via Transavia, Katowice via Small Planet Airlines and to Frankfurt via Condor. More on reduleting on the official web siteBy the way, Eurowings currently has almost 100 flights a week (one way) to Croatia, and in addition to Rijeka, the airline is flying this summer to other Croatian cities such as Dubrovnik, Osijek, Pula, Split, Zadar and Zagreb.Side dish: Ljetni red letenja – Zračna luka RijekaARRIVALS 2018 DEPARTURES 2018 Related news:JANUARY 15 PERCENT MORE PASSENGERS AT AIRPORTS
By far, the Baldwinsville baseball team’s s most important wins of the regular season turned out to be the last two, a 4-1 decision over Fayetteville-Manlius on May 24 and a 4-0 shutout of Cicero-North Syracuse a day later.Had it lost either of those games, the Bees would have surrendered the top seed in the Section III Class AA playoffs to West Genesee and had to play an extra round in the sectional tournament.Instead, B’ville first got past F-M by getting two runs in the third inning to break a long scoring drought and then adding two more runs in the sixth for much-needed insurance. Share this:FacebookTwitterLinkedInRedditComment on this Story Matt Starczewski was masterful, holding the Hornets to two hits and striking out seven. Nate Ray earned a pair of RBIs, with Bo Nicholson and Pat May also driving in runs as Nicholson had two hits and scored twice.Even with this, B’ville still needed to avenge its two previous defeats to C-NS in order to secure that top seed, and sent Chris AuClair to the mound to start.AuClair now threw his own complete-game two-hit, seven-strikeout gem, as B’ville scored in the second inning, added two runs in the third and a run in the fifth. Jason Savacool starred at the plate, belting out a pair of hits, scoring once and driving in two runs. Pat May, Lucas Robinson and Jake Marshall also scored runs.The win knocked West Genesee down to the no. 2 seed – and F-M eliminated them, 3-1, in a 10-inning quarterfinal last Tuesday at Wells College, following that up with a 5-0 shutout of no. 3 seed Cicero-North Syracuse in the semifinals.Only then did B’ville enter the playoff fray, taking the field at Auburn’s Falcon Park late Thursday night to face no. 4 seed Liverpool in the other semifinal, a game that started late due to a rain delay in the first semifinal and only ended after 11:30.None of this bothered the Bees too much as it bashed the Warriors 11-4, a far more impressive all-around effort than the two-regular season wins it had over Liverpool.Two big rallies made the difference. In the bottom of the first inning, each of the first six B’ville batters reached base, knocking out Liverpool starting pitcher Jake Wheeler and leading to four runs, three of them dashing home on Jeb Farneth’s bases-clearing triple following Nate Ray’s RBI single.Even more damaging was what happened in the bottom of the third after Liverpool cut the lead to 4-3. With two outs and nobody on, the Bees suddenly erupted for five runs.A walk to Pat Anson started it. Mike Carni doubled him home, and May followed with an RBI single before Savacool drilled a two-run double and then raced home on Ray’s single.All of this was enough run support for Marshall, who, other than the third inning, kept working out of trouble in his five-inning stint before AuClair went the rest of the way in relief.Most importantly, B’ville didn’t need to use Savacool, saving his arm for the sectional final against F-M Sunday night at Onondaga Community College, with the Hornets attempting to complete an unlikely sweep of the top three seeds with Tom Coleman on the mound. Tags: BaldwinsvilleBaseball