On June 24, 2013, family members of those killed in government-planned massacres in Bolivia in 2003 filed an amended complaint, with extensive new allegations that the defendants, former President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada and former Defense Minister Carlos Sánchez Berzaín, had devised a plan to kill thousands of civilians months in advance of the violence.The family members are represented by a team of lawyers, including Tyler Giannini and Susan Farbstein of Harvard Law School’s International Human Rights Clinic, and lawyers from the Center for Constitutional Rights, Stanford Law School’s International Human Rights and Conflict Resolution Clinic, and the law firm of Akin, Gump, Strauss, Hauer & Feld.The complaint (PDF) seeks damages against the defendants for their involvement in extrajudicial killings and crimes against humanity. Since the case was originally filed in U.S. courts in 2007, seven former Bolivian officials, including high-ranking military leaders and members of the Cabinet, have been convicted for their participation in the violence.Read more on the Harvard Law School website. Read Full Story
By the second and third years of data gathering, daily e-cigarette users reported a higher rate of prolonged abstinence from cigarette smoking (11 percent) than nonusers (6 percent). Smokers who used e-cigarettes, but not daily, were not more likely than nonusers to demonstrate prolonged abstinence from combustible cigarettes.“This finding suggests that smokers who use e-cigarettes to quit smoking need to use them regularly — every day — for these products to be most helpful,” said lead author Sara Kalkhoran, an MGH physician and assistant professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School (HMS).“Smokers who plan to stop smoking should still be encouraged to first use FDA-approved therapies rather than e-cigarettes,” said Nancy Rigotti, senior author of the paper and director of the MGH Tobacco Research and Treatment Center. FDA-approved therapies for smoking cessation include varenicline, bupropion, or nicotine patches, gum, or lozenges. “But this study suggests e-cigarettes may be helpful for some smokers who are not able to quit with these existing treatments,” she added.E-cigarettes contain nicotine but do not burn tobacco, which is responsible for many of the health problems associated with smoking combustible cigarettes. “For a smoker, e-cigarettes are less harmful to their health than continuing to smoke cigarettes,” said Rigotti, who is also a professor of medicine at HMS. “But e-cigarettes have become popular so quickly that many questions remain about how they can best be used to help smokers to quit and minimize any harm.” The third member of this MGH research team was Yuchiao Chang.Although the rate of smoking in this country has been falling, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control reports that more than 34 million Americans currently smoke cigarettes. Smoking causes more than 480,000 deaths per year in this country alone, including more than 41,000 deaths from secondhand smoke exposure. E-cigarettes’ usefulness for quitting smoking uncertain Controversy over e-cigarette flavorings heats up Related New study looks at two chemicals that may damage cilia production Trend concerns Harvard analyst, though practice is preferable to smoking tobacco Teen vaping rising fast, research says A new study from the Massachusetts General Hospital’s (MGH) Tobacco Research and Treatment Center provides critical population-level evidence demonstrating that using e-cigarettes daily helps U.S. smokers quit smoking combustible (i.e. regular) cigarettes.The report, published in Nicotine and Tobacco Research online, provides the first longitudinal data about the effectiveness of e-cigarettes for cessation from a survey that reflects the U.S. population. The MGH team analyzed data from the first three years of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study, a survey representative of the U.S. adult population that interviews the same individuals each year. The survey allowed the researchers to measure an individual’s change in tobacco use over time.Using data from more than 8,000 adult smokers, the investigators measured how likely a smoker was to quit smoking and stay quit, comparing daily and non-daily e-cigarette users with those who smoked only regular cigarettes. They found that smokers who used e-cigarettes every day, compared with e-cigarette nonusers, were more likely to quit combustible cigarettes within one year and to stay quit for at least another year. They also found that smokers who used e-cigarettes were no more likely to relapse back to smoking regular cigarettes than smokers not using e-cigarettes.At the start of the study 3.6 percent of smokers were current daily e-cigarette users; 18 percent were current non-daily e-cigarette users; and 78 percent did not use e-cigarettes at all “This study suggests e-cigarettes may be helpful for some smokers who are not able to quit with existing treatments.” — Nancy Rigotti Study supports need for randomized clinical trials to clarify the role of e-cigarettes in smoking cessation
My recent experience with a credit union got me thinking about “the member experience.”I received a voicemail from a credit union requiring me to respond to a request with detailed information via email. I easily prepared and sent my email, but here’s where it gets interesting: The responding email from the credit union was secured and required a password to open it.I was confused. I didn’t have a password. I attempted to outsmart the system by making up one, but of course it wasn’t accepted. I tried again and it pushed back yet another negative message. If I needed a password to open this email, why wasn’t I offered the option of setting up a password? I had no other option, so I clicked on the “forgot my password” button. The system immediately responded that I would be sent an email with a link to “reset” my password—a password I never had.Frustrating, right?In my inbox, I find the message and click on the link to reset my password. Then it was back to the email where I entered my new password. I thought I was on my way to sending the return email. That didn’t happen though. There was no reply button. 10SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading »
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The Hill 17 May 2019Family First Comment: A must-read (especially with all the pro-abortion media at play at the moment)…Survivors of rape and incest deserve fierce advocacy, resources to help them heal, and the support of their whole community — not just those who want to sell them abortions. Abortion does not erase the rape or undo the violence that has been committed on the woman. Instead, abortion subjects her — and now, a child — to yet another act of violence that also cannot be erased or undone.A child conceived in rape is not the criminal. She is an innocent third party, who had no control over how she was brought into the world.#chooselifeOn Tuesday, Alabama Gov. Kay Ivey (R) signed “The Human Life Protection Act,” which imposes criminal penalties on a doctor who attempts or commits an abortion. The law makes exceptions for extreme cases when a pregnancy may become life-threatening, but protects even those preborn babies who are conceived as a result of rape or incest.While less than 1 percent of all abortions take place after rape or incest, groups like Planned Parenthood are using these extreme cases to attack the law and demand full access to abortion. But Alabama’s law is compassionate and just, and deserves our support.Rape and incest are horrific traumas that should never happen in the first place. Over my years of investigating the abortion industry, I have seen how statutory rape and abuse go hand in hand with abortion. Underage victims are often taken by their abusers, who are often family members or authority figures in their lives, to abortion clinics to destroy the evidence of their crime – a child. Live Action has documented dozens of caseswhere Planned Parenthood abortion clinics fail to report suspected abuse, though they are required to do so by law.Abusers should be punished to the greatest degree the law allows — and penalties for rape should be strengthened. But the law is helpless when abuse remains hidden. It is one of the reasons that reporting laws regarding sexual abuse are so important – and why the failure of abortion clinics to do so creates so much harm. As we have documented, the abortion industry is frequently tolerant of sexual abuse and covers it up in the name of privacy and access, to suit their business goals. Abortion industry representatives become vocal about the well-being of rape survivors mostly when their business is threatened.Survivors of rape and incest deserve fierce advocacy, resources to help them heal, and the support of their whole community — not just those who want to sell them abortions. Abortion does not erase the rape or undo the violence that has been committed on the woman. Instead, abortion subjects her — and now, a child — to yet another act of violence that also cannot be erased or undone.READ MORE: https://thehill.com/opinion/civil-rights/444200-alabama-abortion-ban-honors-all-lifeKeep up with family issues in NZ. Receive our weekly emails direct to your Inbox.
Press Association FA chairman Greg Dyke’s plans for the commission have been plunged into crisis after FA board member Heather Rabbatts launched a stinging criticism about the lack of even a single representative from an ethnic minority. The FA has been accused of making “a big mistake” and a “public relations disaster” by football’s two most important anti-discrimination organisations, Kick It Out and the European body Football Against Racism in Europe (FARE). Now Grant, who is also equalities minister, has said she will raise the issue. Grant said: “Sports governing bodies must reflect the make-up of the diverse society that we live in. I expect the FA to ensure that voices from all backgrounds are heard loud and clear and contribute to this important piece of work to help strengthen English football. I will discuss the issue with the FA next week.” Kick It Out chairman Lord Herman Ouseley said he had already raised the issue with Dyke, who has said he may appoint two more people to the commission, and questioned why he had not used Rabbatts’ contacts and experience to bring on a suitable representative. Ouseley told Press Association Sport: “This has been a disaster for the FA in public relations terms. “Heather must have been at her wits’ end to go public like this. “I raised this with the FA chairman as soon as he made the announcement and he told me he was conscious it was an all-white, all-male membership and that he was trying hard to get an ethnic minority representative. “I find it very surprising therefore that someone as close to the chairman as Heather Rabbatts, with all her experience and contacts, was not asked for her advice on ensuring diversity.” Rabbatts, who was born in Jamaica and is of mixed race, has written to all fellow board members criticising the lack of diversity on the commission. The new sports minister Helen Grant will speak to the Football Association next week to express concerns about the all-white, all-male commission appointed to improve the England team. In her letter she says she has tried to raise the issue privately but there has been a “refusal to understand” her position. The letter states: “I believe that the lack of proper consultation on the make-up of the commission, the fact that no approval was sought from the board, releasing the names of the ‘chosen’ individuals at Leaders in Football, the composition of the commission itself and the lack of diversity, have all meant that the opportunity to lead an informed debate on the future of English players has been singularly damaged. “I make the comments about diversity not because they are additional to this matter but because they lie at its heart. “What is required is not tokenism but the involvement of individuals who have direct and relevant experience of what it means to represent their country while coming from diverse cultural backgrounds. “By proceeding along this current path we are not only failing to reflect our national game but we are also letting down so many black and ethnic minority people – players, ex-players, coaches and volunteers, who have so much to offer and are so often discouraged and disheartened by the attitudes they encounter. The FA should be leading by example not reinforcing entrenched attitudes.” Rabbatts, who is chair of the FA’s inclusion committee, is not considering resigning from the board in protest and said she feels “sadness” at having to speak out. FARE executive director Piara Powar said the FA’s lack of action now made it open to accusations of tokenism if an ethnic minority representative is now appointed. Powar told Press Association Sport: “I think they have made a big mistake. “There has been a big debate among black players and the ethnic minority communities about the lack of diversity on the commission. “If they appoint someone on to the commission now it very much looks like tokenism. “If an FA board member such as Heather Rabbatts cannot make headway with the FA on this, then who can?” As well as Dyke, the commission will include former England manager Glenn Hoddle, Football League chairman Greg Clarke and FA vice-chairman Roger Burden, League Managers’ Association chairman Howard Wilkinson, Professional Footballers’ Association chairman Ritchie Humphreys, Crewe director of football Dario Gradi and former England defender Danny Mills.
BRIDGETOWN, Barbados, (CMC) – Left-hander Kyle Mayers continued his run-spree with an unbeaten half-century as Barbados Pride dominated Windward Islands Volcanoes to install themselves as favourites for a convincing win on today’s final day.The 27-year-old hit an aggressive unbeaten 62 off 43 balls as the hosts, resuming Saturday’s penultimate day of the sixth round fixture at Kensington Oval on six without loss, declared their second innings on 239 for four.Opener Shayne Moseley struck 60, Justin Greaves stroked an unbeaten 53 while Test opener Kraigg Brathwaite chipped in with 49.Set 399 for victory, Volcanoes slumped to 37 for three courtesy a double strike from Test seamer Kemar Roach (2-21) before recovering to reach 73 without further loss.Alick Athanaze, a ‘concussion substitute’ for the injured Desron Maloney, was unbeaten on 21 and was involved in an unbroken fourth wicket stand of 36 with Devon Smith (16 not out).Volcanoes require a further 325 runs for victory with seven wickets remaining.Starting the day with a lead of 165 runs, Pride rammed home their advantage through a series of solid partnerships.First, Moseley and Brathwaite extended their opening partnership to 114, carrying the hosts to lunch on 99 to ensure Volcanoes went without success in the first session.Moseley counted eight fours off 111 deliveries in 141 minutes while Brathwaite hit five fours off 90 balls in 156 minutes.Captain Kavem Hodge (2-44) got the breakthrough when he trapped Moseley lbw with his left-arm spin and then bowled Test batsman Shamar Brooks in the same over without scoring.And when fast bowler Ray Jordan removed Brathwaite and Shane Dowrich (2), Pride had lost four wickets for 21 runs to be 135 for four.Mayers, however, who struck a career-best hundred in the first innings, took charge for Pride in an unbroken 104-run partnership with Greaves.Playing in his usual positive style, Mayers crunched three fours and four sixes while Greaves faced 78 balls and counted three fours and two fours in just over an hour-and-a-half at the crease.
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USC held off a late push by Arizona to defeat the Wildcats 24-20 on Saturday in Tucson. The victory extended the Trojans’ record to 3-2 overall and 2-1 in the Pac-12. The Trojans had a 24-0 lead, but Arizona reeled off 20 consecutive points to draw closer in the fourth quarter. After a touchdown with under two minutes drew the Wildcats within four points, USC recovered an onside kick to close out the game.Freshman quarterback JT Daniels was 16-of-24 passing for 197 yards, while Arizona’s sophomore quarterback Khalil Tate’s was 16-of-33 passing for 232 yards. Penalties once again plagued the Trojans as the team committed 18 penalties totalling 169 yards.“There was a lot of yellow on both sides from both teams,” head coach Clay Helton said. “It was one of those nights. The things that I’m going to point out to the team are some of the decision-making things. USC’s first score came at the hands of a solid mixture of receivers to spark the passing game. Daniels completed passes to three different receivers, including a 37-yard pass to sophomore tight end Josh Falo for a total of 80 passing yards on a 12-play, 90-yard drive. The reception was notable as USC does not typically target tight ends offensively.In the first half, the Trojans were successful on key plays, converting three of five third down attempts while holding the Wildcats to just one of four conversions. On the other hand, USC failed to reconcile its preventable penalty issue from the Washington State game. The Trojans were penalized nine times for 95 yards in the first half alone. One of the fouls, a holding call, negated what would have been a large gain for sophomore running back Stephen Carr.Solid defensive pressure led to a turnover in favorable field position for USC. Senior linebacker Porter Gustin’s pressure on junior quarterback Khalil Tate on a play action forced a throw into the hands of senior safety Marvell Tell III. The Trojans were unsuccessful in breaking into the red zone and settled for a career-long 42-yard field goal by redshirt sophomore Michael Brown to extend the Trojans lead to 10-0. Perhaps the biggest improvement for the Trojans was the diversification of receiving targets. Daniels had five receptions to freshman receiver Amon-Ra St.Brown for 54 yards, two receptions each to Jones Jr. and Vaughns for 22 and 23 yards, respectively. This marked a stark contrast to past games in which Daniels focused on one receiver, usually St. Brown, for the bulk of targets. The offense also experimented more with plays towards the tight ends, which aided in the offense’s passing success. “I think [getting comfortable with more receivers] is a big positive for us,” Daniels said. “We’re getting better and better throwing the ball.” Aca’Cedric Ware sprints in for a touchdown – Emily Smith | Daily TrojanThe second half kept the ball rolling for the Trojans. On its first drive of the second half, USC extended its lead to 24-0 via a 69-yard rushing touchdown at the hands of senior running back Aca’Cedric Ware. He ran for 176 yards on 21 carries for two touchdowns on the night. “The o-line did their thing,” Ware said. “They opened up holes and I just ran through them.” The Wildcats’ first score came in the third quarter, and it was Tate’s first showing of the game. He led his team 84 yards in seven plays for a touchdown to narrow the Trojans’ lead to 24-7. The Wildcats’ next scoring drive didn’t come until midway through the fourth quarter. Following a turnover via a fumble by Daniels, Arizona found the end zone on its first play with a 32-yard completion to redshirt junior receiver Cedric Peterson. Arizona’s last drive ended with its third and final touchdown of the night late in the fourth after taking multiple stabs at the end zone from the red zone at the goal line. The Wildcats narrowed the Trojans lead to 24-20, which proved to be the final score.Heading into the bye week, there is a sense of urgency among the team to improve on the team’s recurring flaws.“Helton came up to me after and said ‘We really gotta go. These next two weeks are big for us,’” senior linebacker Cam Smith said,. “And I said ‘Hey coach, we’ve gotta have a sense of urgency.’ And that’s what we’ve been communicating a lot about and we’re all working together. These don’t feel great, but at the end it’s a win and I’m happy we have it.” Following the week off, USC will welcome Colorado to the Coliseum on Oct. 13.